In order to grasp the causes of pain in the elbow, it is necessary to first comprehend how the elbow is structured. The elbow is a joint that connects three bones, and is at the arm’s middle. The upper hand bone (humerus) joins the forearm inner bone (ulna) and the outer forearm bone (radius), which creates the elbow joint, a form of a hinge.
The inner part of the elbow joint is known as the lateral epicondyle while the outer part is the medical epicondyle. The triceps and biceps muscles are affixed at the elbow joint together with a number of other tendons. The bursa is the sac filled with fluid that is found at the elbow’s tip, which enables the elbow to moderate friction when engaged in movement. When any of the above-mentioned parts are damaged, then there is bound to be immense pain elbow pain.
What causes elbow pain?
Lateral epicondylitis: This is commonly referred to as tennis elbow and usually occurs as a result of engaging in sports that use a racket. However, the condition also affects individuals who have never engaged in such sports. Tennis elbow causes an ache on the outer side of the elbow joint, creating difficulties in one’s ability to grip objects.
This is also another reason and causes relentless pain on the inner part of the elbow joint. This happens because of tendon swelling. The tendons swell because of constant stress that occurs when using a racket to throw balls.
This is underlined by pain, inflammation and swelling of olecranon bursa. This is caused by synovial fluid accumulation. The condition can occur as a single elbow injury or repeated minor injuries to the joint. The tennis elbow condition is also termed as water tennis elbow.
This is another cause for elbow pain and occurs when the radial nerve goes under the lateral epicondyle. When this nerve is trapped under the forearm muscles and those on the elbow, the result is elbow pain that resembles that of the tennis elbow.
This occurs when the ulnar nerves go under and inside the elbow. This nerve gets hurt when you happen to knock that funny bone, which makes you experience a tingling sensation. When the nerve is pressed down, it causes pain similar to tennis elbow pain, and treatment can be in the form of medical epicondylitis surgery. The condition also causes numbness in the fingers and on the forearm.
Tennis elbow treatment
If you are afflicted by the tennis elbow, you may consider a number of available treatment options. These include bone alignment where misaligned bones, which are detected by X-ray, are adjusted using specialized adjustment techniques. The heat/cold therapy is another option, which boosts blood circulation around the elbow, thereby accelerating the rate of healing. Another option, which has been proven effective, is tennis elbow exercises that increase circulation, strengthens the muscles and speeds up the healing process.
Massaging across the affected area will give immense relief and reduce pain. Medical alternatives include using drugs such as painkillers, anti-inflammatory drugs, surgery and casting.